What Does Liability Actually Mean?

Legal liability can be defined as the fault or responsibility for the enforced law. For instance, for contracts cases, liability might be the fact that you did not fulfill some sort of contractual promise when performing a service. When you do not meet legal responsibility requirements, you are said to be responsible or liable for consequences. Usually, determining liability is something that has to be proven in criminal cases or lawsuits. 

Civil Cases And Liability

According to https://www.rhllaw.com/, civil complaint liabilities (commonly referred to as torts) can easily be divided into some categories, like intentional acts against the property of an individual, strict liability, and unintentional negligence acts. During a civil case, there are lower proof standards than during criminal cases. Reasonable doubt is not a thing that is used. Instead, the plaintiff simply has to prove the fact that there is a higher possibility that a defendant is guilty than not guilty. 


In regular battery cases, plaintiffs have to prove several elements when they want to show liability. This includes the fact that the defendant did something with an intent to cause offense or harm. Also, the act should have led to contact. This contact had to happen against the physical person of the plaintiff. However, in such cases, it is possible that interpretations are broader. 

When the plaintiff convinces a jury or a judge that there is a higher possibility that the incident happened than that it did not happen, the defendant is considered to be liable. Damages will then need to be paid for all damages caused by the battery. 


In trespassing cases, the plaintiff simply needs to prove the fact that a trespasser intentionally entered the land of the plaintiff and that permission did not exist. 

In most US jurisdictions, intent is all about the intention to be present on your land. Basically, if you walk onto the property of someone but you thought it was of someone else, it does not matter. You are still liable for trespassing. This is true even when you do not do any harm. 


Various types of negligence exist these days and not all will apply to your case. Generally speaking, negligence is defined as behavior capable of creating unnecessary, foreseeable risks that will harm the property or the person of someone else. For instance, when you are speeding and you crash into another vehicle, it can be negligence. This applies even if you did not want to hit someone else. 

Courts use several strategies when they determine liability. For negligence cases, the important thing is comparing the actions of the defendant with actions that would be considered normal, according to what most other people would do in the exact same situation. 

Getting Help From A Lawyer

Regardless of what happens, whenever liability is questioned for anything, the best thing you can do is to hire an attorney to help you. Just make sure you find one with a lot of experience in the type of problem you have. For instance, a criminal defense attorney will not be as effective as a car accident attorney when you are charged with something related to a car crash.